Hagia sophia architecture plan. Au cours du sac de constantinople en 1204 durant la quatrieme croisade leglise fut pillee par les croiseslhistorien byzantin nicetas choniates decrit ainsi la destruction de lautel pour en recuperer les matieres precieuses. Central plan churches notably the hagia sophia. The church of the holy wisdom known as hagia sophia agia sofia in greek sancta sophia in latin and ayasofya or aya sofya in turkish is a former byzantine church and former ottoman mosque in istanbulnow a museum hagia sophia is universally acknowledged as one of the great buildings of the world.
The hagia sophia one of the historical architectural wonders that still remains standing today has an important place in the art world with its architecture grandness size and functionality. Church of the holy wisdom in constantinople 532 37 which retained a longitudinal axis but was dominated by its enormous central dome. Planul bisericii lui iustinian cuprindea un atrium perpendicular pe axa longitudinala a edificiului un nartex exterior pronaos un nartex interior nava centrala acoperita cu o cupola gigantica doua nave laterale si galeriile superioare de la etaj galerii care inconjoara nava centrala din trei parti sub forma de potcoava deschisa spre altar.
Seventh century syriac texts suggest that this design was meant to show the church as an image of the world with the dome of heaven suspended. In 726 the emperor leo the isaurian issued a series of edicts against the veneration of images ordering the army to destroy all icons ushering in the period of byzantine iconoclasmat that time all religious pictures and statues were removed from the hagia sophia. Ayasofya is a museum formerly greek orthodox church which was converted into a mosque in 1584 and located in trabzon in the north eastern part of turkeyit dates back to the thirteenth century when trabzon was the capital of the empire of trebizondit is located near the seashore and two miles west of the medieval.
Durant loccupation latine de constantinople 12041261 la basilique devint le siege du patriarche latin de constantinople. Turkish people call it aya sofya its a former byzantine church and former ottoman mosque now located in sultanahmet neighborhood being one of the most important museums of istanbul considered as a world heritage by unesco. Hagia sophia means divine wisdom in greek this was an orthodox church dedicated to holly wisdom not to a saint sophia as some people wrongly call it today.
After a brief reprieve under empress irene 797802 the iconoclasts made a comeback.